Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Bible, and final book penned by Moses. Its name literally means “Second Law”, not that any new laws are given, but that the old law is revisited and explained. For those of us reading through our Bibles, we may find it redundant and odd that the Law is given so clearly in Exodus and Leviticus only to be explained again in Deuteronomy.
It raises the question, why? Why have this book of “Second Law”? The answer can be explained with three brief answers:
2. They were about to enter a very sinful, idolatrous land God is going to judge Canaan for their generations of sinfulness and idolatry. He is using Israel to execute this judgment, and to give them the Land of Promise. Given Israel’s history, they are prone to adopt sinful behavior quicker than reprove it. The Law needs to be rehearsed so they can commit to doing right when they enter a very wrong land.
3. Parts of the Law were about to be followed that before were irrelevant There were certain laws given about housing, land, property rights, crops, and more that they have never practice. This has not been due to disobedience, but rather these laws have been irrelevant to them in the wilderness. It is important that they understand God’s expectations about the Land when they finally inherit it.
Deuteronomy is a book of preparation, and is divided into three major sections: 1) Moses First Address - chapters 1-4 2) Moses Second Address - chapters 5-26 3) Moses Third Address and Final Words – chapters 27-34. Each of these sections deals with a particular part of the Law and the great importance to keep it. The books conclusion is the death of Moses. Deuteronomy covers a period of about forty years, and conveys the importance of observing the Law and doing the Law.
I know you will enjoy this final book of the Pentateuch (first five books of the Bible written by Moses), and an exciting conclusion to the life of Moses and the wilderness wanderings.